Nanorobotics refers to the hypothetical nanotechnology engineering discipline of designing and building nanorobots, which are extremely small devices ranging in size from 0.1 to 10 μm and constructed of nanoscale or molecular components.There has been continuous research going on in the field of nanorobotics and how it could revolutionize Dentistsry as a discipline and help dentists better tackle dental ailments in their patients.
Speaking on the subject to various dentists in India, one comes to know of the research work that has already been done in this domain and more specifically, one research paper was cited by several top dentists in Delhi as a source of inspiration. This particular research paper, Nanorobots: Future in dentistry, written by Neetha J. Shetty, P. Swati, and K. David, was published in the Saudi Dent Journal, 2013 Apr; 25(2): 49–52. Herein, the authors concur that the Dental nanorobots could be constructed to destroy caries-causing bacteria or to repair tooth blemishes where decay has set in, by using a computer to direct these tiny workers in their tasks.
Dental nanorobots might also be programed to use specific motility mechanisms to crawl or swim through human tissue with navigational precision, to acquire energy, to sense and manipulate their surroundings, to achieve safe cytopenetration, and to use any of a multitude of techniques to monitor, interrupt, or alter nerve-impulse traffic in individual nerve cells in real time.
In another paper mentioned by a few top dentists in Indirapuram, Futuristic Application of Nano-Robots in Dentistry, co-authored by Deepak Ranjan Dalai, D. J. Bhaskar, Chandan Agali R., Nisha Singh, Devanand Gupta and Swapnil S. Bumb, which was published in the International Journal of Advanced Health Sciences, July 2014, Vol 1, Issue 3, the authors are of the opinion that the advent of nanotechnology involves the application of nanorobots in various aspects of dentistry like, Local Anesthesia, Dentition Re-naturalization, and permanent Hypersensitivity cure, complete Orthodontic Realignments during single office visit, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots.
It is envisoned that Dental Nanorobots could be constructed to destroy caries-causing bacteria or to repair tooth blemishes. Even though research work and clinical trials on Nano robots are in the early stage, researchers are quite optimistic regarding the use the these microrobots in dentistry. As per the top dentists in Noida, this could be a major breakthrough in dentistry whenever the technology is actually accessible and usable.
In yet another paper, Nanorobotics in dentistry – A review, which was written by Santosh Kumar Vermaa and Rashi Chauhan, and was published in the Indian Journal of Dentistry, Volume 5, Supplement, August 2014, Pages 62–70, the authors put forth the observations that with the modern scientific capabilities, it has become possible to attempt the creation of nanorobotic devices and interface them with the macro world for control. The authors also are of the opinion that there are countless such machines that exist in nature and they see an opportunity to build more of them by mimicking nature. As per the authors, when humans can actually gain access and control the nanorobots, we will be able to treat very rapidly a number of diseases.
The authors further cite the example of useful application of nanorobotics in medicine to identify and destroy cancer cells but they concur that the most interesting applications may be in dentistry, which has also been agreed upon by the top dentists in Gurgaon, who are of the opinion that nanorobotics would very well change the face of Dentistry as it is practiced today and the dentists will not only have to learn how to harness the power of nanorobotics but dental hospitals and dental colleges will also have to invest in a full-fledged nanorobotics lab and hire a team of nanorobotics engineering, bringing the two disciplines of engineering and medicine further together!